Małopolska among the national leaders of inventiveness – the state and structure of inventive activity
According to studies conducted over the years 2012-2018, 10% of all inventions submitted to the Patent Office of the Republic of Poland were developed in Małopolska region.
The report prepared by the Małopolska Regional Development Observatory presents a number of information on the state and structure of inventive activity in Małopolska in the years 2012-2018. The analysis covers, among others, such issues as:• number of inventions and designs and utility applications submitted to the Patent Office of the Republic of Poland,• number of patents and protection rights granted,• types of entities submitting inventions and utility models and their leaders,• technological classification by Ulrich Schmoch, dividing technology fields into 35 types. Analysts have taken into account, such issues as: the activity of inventors in Małopolska, comparison to other voivodships, division of entities by sections of the Polish Classification of Activities, inventive activity in individual regions (powiaty) of Małopolska.
Małopolska among the national leaders of inventiveness
According to research conducted over the years 2012-2018, 10% of all inventions submitted to the Patent Office of the Republic of Poland were developed in Małopolska region. Entities in Małopolska that worked on innovative technological, product or process solutions submitted 2,972 inventions. Only two regions turned out to be better – Mazovia, where over twice as many inventions were reported (6,106), and Silesia, where 3,742 inventions were reported.
The same situation applies to utility models, except that in the case of Małopolska, more than three times less utility models have been reported than inventions to the Patent Office of the Republic of Poland. The 809 utility designs submitted give Małopolska the third place in the country, after Mazovia (1,141 designs submitted) and Silesia (1,163 utility designs submitted). In the years 2012-2018, patents were granted for 63.2% of the inventions reported – 1,879 patents, which gives Małopolska the fifth position, after regions such as Opolskie (83.2%), Dolnośląskie (72.7%), and Lubelskie (65.2%) and Silesia (63.7%).
Małopolska, with a result of 62.9% (509 protection rights), was on the 12th position in the country in terms of protection rights granted by the Patent Office of the Republic of Poland. In this case, the group of three leaders included the following voivodships: Podlaskie (82.8%), Podkarpackie (80.5%) and Opolskie (79.0%).
Science is the future
Higher education, which dominates in terms of creating innovative technologies, fares favorably in Małopolska. The share of universities in Małopolska in the creation and submission of inventions as well as utility models is the highest in the country (12.4% and 14.2%, respectively). In 2012-2018, Małopolska’s universities submitted a total of 1,160 inventions and 75 utility models.
These results represent, respectively, 39.0% of the total inventions and 9.3% of the total utility models submitted by all Małopolska entities and institutions during the last seven years.The leader of all universities in terms of the number of reported inventions was the University of Science and Technology in Kraków (AGH), with the result of 668 applications (57.6%). The top three universities initiating innovative solutions also include the Krakow University of Technology (Politechnika Krakowska) (294 inventions – 25.3%) and the Jagiellonian University in Krakow (164 inventions – i.e. 14.1%).
New solutions in the form of utility models were developed in the years 2012-2018 only in the case of four universities in Małopolska, most of which concerned: the Krakow University of Technology (31 utility models – 41.3%), the University of Science and Technology in Kraków (29 utility models – 38.7%) and the University of Agriculture in Kraków – 14 utility models – 18.7%.