Although the economic lockdown has severely affected the budgets of many families, almost 60% of Małopolska residents claim that the financial situation of their households has not deteriorated.
In turn, 21% believe that in the next 12 months the wealth of their wallets will improve. These are just some of the results of a special edition of the Małopolska Opinion Survey conducted by the research and analytical unit of the Marshal’s Office – the Regional Development Observatory of the Małopolska Region. These data will help even better plan and implement the actions of the region self-government in the fight against the effects of the pandemic.
The survey was conducted at the turn of July and August, i.e. at the time when many residents made decisions about their holidays plans. In total, over 3,000 telephone surveys were carried out, 500 in each of the six subregions.
The effects of the pandemic shifted the situation on the regional labor market, although they did not contribute to a severe increase in the unemployment rate. As shown by the results of the survey, over 47% of employed Małopolska residents are skeptical about the situation in their workplace compared to the situation before the pandemic. In turn, almost 18% of working respondents declared that as a result of the pandemic someone in their household lost it job or stopped earning. They were, in particular, young people aged 18–24, people with basic vocational education and inhabitants of the Nowy Targ subregion.
However, the fact that over 70% of employed Małopolska residents believe in improving or at least not deteriorating the situation in their workplace within the next year can be considered positive. Ensuring the continuity of work under the conditions of the applicable restrictions was often made possible by remote work, which was used by 44% of the region’s inhabitants.
Fighting the pandemic
From the very beginning of the crisis, the self-government of the Małopolska Region actively organized support in the most sensitive areas. The most important initiative in this regard is the Małopolska Anti-Crisis Shield, thanks to one billion złoty was allocated to, among others, support for hospitals, entrepreneurs, schools and 24-hour care facilities. The scale of operation of regional self-government authorities is evidenced by the fact that the vast majority of Małopolska residents (75%) have heard about the initiatives they undertake, including the most, as many as 61%, about the Małopolska Anti-Crisis Shield. The next places in terms of recognition were, among others, such campaigns as “Małopolska Recommend” (28%), “Kultura w Sieci” (17%) or “Together for Tourism” (17%).
Health and prevention
Among the inhabitants of the region, support for the restrictions introduced to fight the pandemic is dominant. Over 70% of Małopolska residents are in favor of maintaining measures to prevent the spread of the coronavirus, such as wearing masks or maintaining physical distance. The greatest number of such declarations was made by respondents with higher education, seniors, city dwellers and Kraków residents. The pandemic also influenced the positive habits of Małopolska residents related to health prevention.
As many as 86% of respondents declared that they wash their hands more often and point it to their loved ones. In turn, over 3/4 pay more attention to their health and appreciate its value more. The respondents were also asked about using health care services on-line. As it turned out, more than half of the respondents used e-prescriptions. Telepaths with both the general practitioner (39%) and the specialist doctor (24%) were also relatively popular.
The Małopolska Region has been attracting tourists from Poland and around the world for years. This year, however, was different. Epidemiological restrictions, for example related to running restaurants or hotels, and the temporary closure of borders have seriously threatened many entrepreneurs from the tourism industry. This situation also affected the holiday plans of the Małopolska residents themselves. As declared by the inhabitants of the region, 57% of them decided to spend at least one night on a vacation, of which almost 24% planned it in the Małopolska Region. The most frequently mentioned reasons for resignation from the leave were the fear of coronavirus infection and the lack of financial resources.
At the same time, 32% of respondents admitted that due to the pandemic they changed the form of spending their holidays compared to previous years. The Opinion Survey of Małopolska residents also included issues related to e-culture and social capital. Full statements will be included in the comprehensive research report, which will soon be published on the website of the Regional Development Observatory of the Małopolska Region.
In the meantime, we encourage you to read the cross-sectional summary of the most important results of the Małopolska Opinion Survey.