The study provides information on the structure of investments and their spatial distribution in the region. The attention was also paid to employment in companies with foreign capital, which is the second important segment measuring the activity of foreign investors. The values of investment and employment in companies with foreign capital for 2015 and 2016 were related to the trends observed in the inflow of direct investments to Małopolska since 1989.
The value of foreign direct investments (FDI) in the Małopolska Region in 2016 reached the level of USD 1 418.9 million and was higher by over USD 200 million in relation to the value in 2015, which were amounted to USD 1 196.1 million. The total value of foreign capital invested in Małopolska in the years 1989-2016 is almost USD 21.9 billion. The investment outlays per 1 inhabitant of the region incurred in the years 1989-2016 are 6.5 thousand USD.
In 2015, 87 active investors were identified in the Małopolska region, whose financial outlays amounted to at least USD 1 million. The largest part of financial outlays related to direct foreign investments attracted the industry and construction sector – USD 690 million, ie 57.3%. In 2016 there were already 99 investors whose expenditures amounted to at least USD 1 million USD. The largest investment activity and involvement in new projects and ventures had companies which were operating in the services sector. The funds invested by them accounted for USD 838 million, (59% of the total).
The amount of expenditures incurred by foreign investors in Małopolska in 2015 amounted to USD 1 966.1 million. All parts of the world were represented in this group except South America. Out of all investment inflow countries, the largest number of expenditures is borne by investors from Europe in Lesser Poland. Their share in the total amount of FDI in 2015 was as high as 78.9%. In 2016, foreign direct investment increased to USD 1,418.9 million.
As in the entire period of 1989-2016, in 2015 and 2016 the largest investment outlays went to Cracow – respectively over 53% and 75% of the total investment stream in the voivodship.
It is estimated that employment in companies with foreign capital included in the study in 2015 was at the level of 121.2 thousand employees. In 2016, this number increased to 128.5 thousand employees (which gives a 6% increase over the year).
In 2015, European capital (74.9% of all employees in companies with foreign capital) and those from the United States (19.6% from the total) had the greatest importance for the labor market in the Małopolska region. Companies with this capital together employ over 115 thousand employees from the total number of 121.2 thousand of employees.
The most important employers from European countries are companies with French (18.3 thousand), British (17.0 thousand) and German (14.5%) capital. In comparison to the previous year (2015), a significant increase in the number of employees took place in companies with Portuguese capital, mainly in trade.
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