The number of foreigners holding valid residence permits issued in Małopolska is increasing, accounting for 39.8 thousand at the end of May 2019
The number of foreigners who live and work in the Małopolska Region is increasing every year. In particular, this process intensified after 2014. There was also a dispersion of the stream of immigrants so far concentrated in few regions, with Warsaw and the Mazowieckie Region. At the end of May 2019, 39.8 thousand had valid residence permits issued by the Małopolska.
The purpose of the study is to update information on foreigners staying and working in Małopolska, the scale of their inflow and structure. The basic data were residence permits and documents authorizing them to work in Poland.
Foreigners in Malopolska – main conclusions:
- The most common document is a temporary residence permit, owned by 23 thousand of foreigners. In 2018, the reason for issuing of more than half of such documents was work. Another 12% was granted due to stay with another foreigner.
- Labour migration to Małopolska increased significantly in the recent years. Only in 2018 over 35.2 thousand work permits, a temporary stay and work permit, as well as so called „blue cards” were issued. At the same year, local employment offices registered 112.8 thousand declarations of entrusting work to foreigner.
- Immigrants are most often employed in industry and construction sectors, performing simple works. In 2018 54.5% of issued work permits and 71% of registered declarations concerned employment in these two sectors of economy.
- However, the number of foreign specialists working in Małopolska increases as well. In 2018 the share of work permits issued for specialists was 6%. Almost 1.2 thousand work permits were granted to computer specialists. „Blue cards” (work permits granted due to employment in profession requiring high qualifications) accounted for 7% of permits for temporary stay. Their number more than doubled comparing to previous year.
- Labour migration stream is dominated by men. In 2018 women accounted for only 22.5% of foreigners for whom work permits were granted and 31% of those, for whom declarations were registered. More than 80% of foreigners with work permits issued in 2018 were less than 45 years old.
- Ukrainians are the largest group of immigrants in Małopolska. They account for more than half of foreigners holding valid residence permits. Ukrainian citizens are also the most numerous among immigrants for whom work permits were issued and declarations were registered in 2018.
- In 2018 almost 4.5 thousand of foreign citizens were attending kindergartens and schools in Małopolska. Their number increased tenfold between 2014 and 2018. The majority (80%) is concentrated in educational institutions in Kraków.
- Also, the number of foreigners studying at universities in Małopolska increases. At the end of November 2017 there were almost 8.4 thousand foreign students. The most popular fields of study were connected to business, administration and law, social science, as well as journalism and information.
The report contains the results of research devoted to the Małopolska brand. The objective was to diagnose the image of the Małopolska brand in the activities carried out by the Małopolska region, as well as to indicate the directions of development of regional brands and the range of various social groups in this respect. The study contains an analysis of the image of Małopolska brands in terms of tourism, economy and society. In the analysis of conclusions based on existing data and obtained from quantitative and qualitative research among the advertising groups of the Małopolska brand.
What factors influence the brand image?
- actions and decisions of regional authorities aimed at communicating the identity to recipients (including marketing activities, promotional events);
- all activities and features of the region not included in the brand identity (and thus also negative features) that affect the perception of the brand;
- the way Małopolska appears in the media;
- brand users ‘experiences as well as users’ personal characteristics;
- activities in the region’s surroundings, i.e. everything that happens outside the region and has an impact on the brand’s reception (e.g. competitive regions, political situation in the country).
How is Małopolska perceived?
The Małopolska brand first and foremost has positive associations at both the emotional and functional level. In all three aspects of the brand: tourist, economic and quality of life, negative elements are rare and do not dominate the general perception of the brand.
Smog is the region’s biggest image problem: it is one of the first spontaneous associations with the brand in all groups. In this context, the inhabitants speak particularly negatively: air pollution greatly affects their experience with the region.
The brand image is not perceived as a whole, but perceived in the context of the territorial sub-brands of Kraków and the Tatra Mountains.
The Małopolska brand is a leader in terms of tourist attractiveness. All target groups are associated mainly with landscape values and spending free time. Not only in the group of tourists, but also in the group of investors and residents of the region, this aspect dominates in the experience, benefits and image of Małopolska.
According to studies conducted over the years 2012-2018, 10% of all inventions submitted to the Patent Office of the Republic of Poland were developed in Małopolska region.
The report prepared by the Małopolska Regional Development Observatory presents a number of information on the state and structure of inventive activity in Małopolska in the years 2012-2018. The analysis covers, among others, such issues as:• number of inventions and designs and utility applications submitted to the Patent Office of the Republic of Poland,• number of patents and protection rights granted,• types of entities submitting inventions and utility models and their leaders,• technological classification by Ulrich Schmoch, dividing technology fields into 35 types. Analysts have taken into account, such issues as: the activity of inventors in Małopolska, comparison to other voivodships, division of entities by sections of the Polish Classification of Activities, inventive activity in individual regions (powiaty) of Małopolska.
Małopolska among the national leaders of inventiveness
According to research conducted over the years 2012-2018, 10% of all inventions submitted to the Patent Office of the Republic of Poland were developed in Małopolska region. Entities in Małopolska that worked on innovative technological, product or process solutions submitted 2,972 inventions. Only two regions turned out to be better – Mazovia, where over twice as many inventions were reported (6,106), and Silesia, where 3,742 inventions were reported.
The same situation applies to utility models, except that in the case of Małopolska, more than three times less utility models have been reported than inventions to the Patent Office of the Republic of Poland. The 809 utility designs submitted give Małopolska the third place in the country, after Mazovia (1,141 designs submitted) and Silesia (1,163 utility designs submitted). In the years 2012-2018, patents were granted for 63.2% of the inventions reported – 1,879 patents, which gives Małopolska the fifth position, after regions such as Opolskie (83.2%), Dolnośląskie (72.7%), and Lubelskie (65.2%) and Silesia (63.7%).
Małopolska, with a result of 62.9% (509 protection rights), was on the 12th position in the country in terms of protection rights granted by the Patent Office of the Republic of Poland. In this case, the group of three leaders included the following voivodships: Podlaskie (82.8%), Podkarpackie (80.5%) and Opolskie (79.0%).
Science is the future
Higher education, which dominates in terms of creating innovative technologies, fares favorably in Małopolska. The share of universities in Małopolska in the creation and submission of inventions as well as utility models is the highest in the country (12.4% and 14.2%, respectively). In 2012-2018, Małopolska’s universities submitted a total of 1,160 inventions and 75 utility models.
These results represent, respectively, 39.0% of the total inventions and 9.3% of the total utility models submitted by all Małopolska entities and institutions during the last seven years.The leader of all universities in terms of the number of reported inventions was the University of Science and Technology in Kraków (AGH), with the result of 668 applications (57.6%). The top three universities initiating innovative solutions also include the Krakow University of Technology (Politechnika Krakowska) (294 inventions – 25.3%) and the Jagiellonian University in Krakow (164 inventions – i.e. 14.1%).
New solutions in the form of utility models were developed in the years 2012-2018 only in the case of four universities in Małopolska, most of which concerned: the Krakow University of Technology (31 utility models – 41.3%), the University of Science and Technology in Kraków (29 utility models – 38.7%) and the University of Agriculture in Kraków – 14 utility models – 18.7%.
We present the seventh edition of the survey of the opinion of the inhabitants of Malopolska, in which attention was focused on issues including: quality of life assessment, recognition of projects and initiatives of the Małopolska regional authorities, the situation on the labor market, social capital and the use of e-services.
The study took into account the diversity of opinions of residents in the subregions of the Malopolska region (with the additional separation of the city of Krakow from the Krakow Metropolitan Area) and in terms of gender, age, education, place of residence (city / village), income per person, etc.
The new annual edition of the report on the use of european funds in Malopolska is ready. The implementation of EU programs in 2018 in the region is running smoothly. The number of contracts and implemented projects is growing.
By the end of 2018, 359 calls for the Regional Operational Program of the Malopolska region for the years 2014-2020 were carried out, with 4885 applications submitted. 2701 contracts were signed.
The level of involvement of EU funds in the Regional Operational Program, calculated by the value of co-financing of signed contracts, amounted to 67.1% at the end of 2018, which gave the 6th place in Poland.
1512 beneficiaries that have their headquarters in Malopolska undertook to implement projects co-financed from EU funds within all operational programs.
At the end of 2018, the value of projects implemented in our region amounted to PLN 27.3 billion, with co-financing from the European Union in the amount of PLN 16.7 billion, which places the Małopolska region in 4th place in Poland.
In 2018, contracts were signed for the implementation of projects worth PLN 7.4 billion in Malopolska (EU: PLN 4.7 billion).
Malopolska took the 1st place in terms of the value of implemented projects within the Smart Growth OP, 2nd place within the Knowledge Education Development OP and within the regional operational programs, 7th place within the Infrastructure and Environment OP and within the Digital Poland OP.