The number of foreigners holding valid residence permits issued in Małopolska is increasing, accounting for 39.8 thousand at the end of May 2019

The number of foreigners who live and work in the Małopolska Region is increasing every year. In particular, this process intensified after 2014. There was also a dispersion of the stream of immigrants so far concentrated in few regions, with Warsaw and the Mazowieckie Region. At the end of May 2019, 39.8 thousand had valid residence permits issued by the Małopolska.

The purpose of the study is to update information on foreigners staying and working in Małopolska, the scale of their inflow and structure. The basic data were residence permits and documents authorizing them to work in Poland.

Foreigners in Malopolska – main conclusions:

  • The most common document is a temporary residence permit, owned by 23 thousand of foreigners. In 2018, the reason for issuing of more than half of such documents was work. Another 12% was granted due to stay with another foreigner.
  • Labour migration to Małopolska increased significantly in the recent years. Only in 2018 over 35.2 thousand work permits, a temporary stay and work permit, as well as so called „blue cards” were issued. At the same year, local employment offices registered 112.8 thousand declarations of entrusting work to foreigner.
  • Immigrants are most often employed in industry and construction sectors, performing simple works. In 2018 54.5% of issued work permits and 71% of registered declarations concerned employment in these two sectors of economy.
  • However, the number of foreign specialists working in Małopolska increases as well. In 2018 the share of work permits issued for specialists was 6%. Almost 1.2 thousand work permits were granted to computer specialists. „Blue cards” (work permits granted due to employment in profession requiring high qualifications) accounted for 7% of permits for temporary stay. Their number more than doubled comparing to previous year.
  • Labour migration stream is dominated by men. In 2018 women accounted for only 22.5% of foreigners for whom work permits were granted and 31% of those, for whom declarations were registered. More than 80% of foreigners with work permits issued in 2018 were less than 45 years old.
  • Ukrainians are the largest group of immigrants in Małopolska. They account for more than half of foreigners holding valid residence permits. Ukrainian citizens are also the most numerous among immigrants for whom work permits were issued and declarations were registered in 2018.
  • In 2018 almost 4.5 thousand of foreign citizens were attending kindergartens and schools in Małopolska. Their number increased tenfold between 2014 and 2018. The majority (80%) is concentrated in educational institutions in Kraków.
  • Also, the number of foreigners studying at universities in Małopolska increases. At the end of November 2017 there were almost 8.4 thousand foreign students. The most popular fields of study were connected to business, administration and law, social science, as well as journalism and information.

 

The report “Foreigners in the Polish social security system in Malopolska region” is available in Polish.

The report contains the results of research devoted to the Małopolska brand. The objective was to diagnose the image of the Małopolska brand in the activities carried out by the Małopolska region, as well as to indicate the directions of development of regional brands and the range of various social groups in this respect. The study contains an analysis of the image of Małopolska brands in terms of tourism, economy and society. In the analysis of conclusions based on existing data and obtained from quantitative and qualitative research among the advertising groups of the Małopolska brand.

What factors influence the brand image?

  • actions and decisions of regional authorities aimed at communicating the identity to recipients (including marketing activities, promotional events);
  • all activities and features of the region not included in the brand identity (and thus also negative features) that affect the perception of the brand;
  • the way Małopolska appears in the media;
  • brand users ‘experiences as well as users’ personal characteristics;
  • activities in the region’s surroundings, i.e. everything that happens outside the region and has an impact on the brand’s reception (e.g. competitive regions, political situation in the country).

How is Małopolska perceived?

The Małopolska brand first and foremost has positive associations at both the emotional and functional level. In all three aspects of the brand: tourist, economic and quality of life, negative elements are rare and do not dominate the general perception of the brand.

Smog is the region’s biggest image problem: it is one of the first spontaneous associations with the brand in all groups. In this context, the inhabitants speak particularly negatively: air pollution greatly affects their experience with the region.

The brand image is not perceived as a whole, but perceived in the context of the territorial sub-brands of Kraków and the Tatra Mountains.

The Małopolska brand is a leader in terms of tourist attractiveness. All target groups are associated mainly with landscape values ​​and spending free time. Not only in the group of tourists, but also in the group of investors and residents of the region, this aspect dominates in the experience, benefits and image of Małopolska.

Read the report available in Polish.

According to studies conducted over the years 2012-2018, 10% of all inventions submitted to the Patent Office of the Republic of Poland were developed in Małopolska region.

The report prepared by the Małopolska Regional Development Observatory presents a number of information on the state and structure of inventive activity in Małopolska in the years 2012-2018. The analysis covers, among others, such issues as:• number of inventions and designs and utility applications submitted to the Patent Office of the Republic of Poland,• number of patents and protection rights granted,• types of entities submitting inventions and utility models and their leaders,• technological classification by Ulrich Schmoch, dividing technology fields into 35 types. Analysts have taken into account, such issues as: the activity of inventors in Małopolska, comparison to other voivodships, division of entities by sections of the Polish Classification of Activities, inventive activity in individual regions (powiaty) of Małopolska.

Małopolska among the national leaders of inventiveness

According to research conducted over the years 2012-2018, 10% of all inventions submitted to the Patent Office of the Republic of Poland were developed in Małopolska region. Entities in Małopolska that worked on innovative technological, product or process solutions submitted 2,972 inventions. Only two regions turned out to be better – Mazovia, where over twice as many inventions were reported (6,106), and Silesia, where 3,742 inventions were reported.

The same situation applies to utility models, except that in the case of Małopolska, more than three times less utility models have been reported than inventions to the Patent Office of the Republic of Poland. The 809 utility designs submitted give Małopolska the third place in the country, after Mazovia (1,141 designs submitted) and Silesia (1,163 utility designs submitted). In the years 2012-2018, patents were granted for 63.2% of the inventions reported – 1,879 patents, which gives Małopolska the fifth position, after regions such as Opolskie (83.2%), Dolnośląskie (72.7%), and Lubelskie (65.2%) and Silesia (63.7%).

Małopolska, with a result of 62.9% (509 protection rights), was on the 12th position in the country in terms of protection rights granted by the Patent Office of the Republic of Poland. In this case, the group of three leaders included the following voivodships: Podlaskie (82.8%), Podkarpackie (80.5%) and Opolskie (79.0%).

Science is the future

Higher education, which dominates in terms of creating innovative technologies, fares favorably in Małopolska. The share of universities in Małopolska in the creation and submission of inventions as well as utility models is the highest in the country (12.4% and 14.2%, respectively). In 2012-2018, Małopolska’s universities submitted a total of 1,160 inventions and 75 utility models.

These results represent, respectively, 39.0% of the total inventions and 9.3% of the total utility models submitted by all Małopolska entities and institutions during the last seven years.The leader of all universities in terms of the number of reported inventions was the University of Science and Technology in Kraków (AGH), with the result of 668 applications (57.6%). The top three universities initiating innovative solutions also include the Krakow University of Technology (Politechnika Krakowska) (294 inventions – 25.3%) and the Jagiellonian University in Krakow (164 inventions – i.e. 14.1%).

New solutions in the form of utility models were developed in the years 2012-2018 only in the case of four universities in Małopolska, most of which concerned: the Krakow University of Technology (31 utility models – 41.3%), the University of Science and Technology in Kraków (29 utility models – 38.7%) and the University of Agriculture in Kraków – 14 utility models – 18.7%.

The report “The state and structure of inventive activity in Małopolska region in 2012-2018” is available in Polish.

We present the seventh edition of the survey of the opinion of the inhabitants of Malopolska, in which attention was focused on issues including: quality of life assessment, recognition of projects and initiatives of the Małopolska regional authorities, the situation on the labor market, social capital and the use of e-services.

The study took into account the diversity of opinions of residents in the subregions of the Malopolska region (with the additional separation of the city of Krakow from the Krakow Metropolitan Area) and in terms of gender, age, education, place of residence (city / village), income per person, etc.

The report is available in Polish.

The new annual edition of the report on the use of european funds in Malopolska is ready. The implementation of EU programs in 2018 in the region is running smoothly. The number of contracts and implemented projects is growing.

By the end of 2018, 359 calls for the Regional Operational Program of the Malopolska region for the years 2014-2020 were carried out, with 4885 applications submitted. 2701 contracts were signed.

The level of involvement of EU funds in the Regional Operational Program, calculated by the value of co-financing of signed contracts, amounted to 67.1% at the end of 2018, which gave the 6th place in Poland.

1512 beneficiaries that have their headquarters in Malopolska undertook to implement projects co-financed from EU funds within all operational programs.

At the end of 2018, the value of projects implemented in our region amounted to PLN 27.3 billion, with co-financing from the European Union in the amount of PLN 16.7 billion, which places the Małopolska region in 4th place in Poland.

In 2018, contracts were signed for the implementation of projects worth PLN 7.4 billion in Malopolska (EU: PLN 4.7 billion).

Malopolska took the 1st place in terms of the value of implemented projects within the Smart Growth OP, 2nd place within the Knowledge Education Development OP and within the regional operational programs, 7th place within the Infrastructure and Environment OP and within the Digital Poland OP.

The report is available in Polish.

 

This report examines the local entrepreneurship ecosystem of the Malopolskie region in Poland and its capacity to promote productivity upgrading and industrial renewal. It forms part of the OECD’s work stream on local entrepreneurship ecosystems and emerging industries.

Malopolskie region is developing as an entrepreneurial economy. In 2016, over 31 000 new firms were registered in the region (9.59 firms per 1 000 inhabitants), which was above the Poland average. This entrepreneurship is supported especially by high levels of “talent” based on educational qualifications, and good access to finance, new knowledge generation (from public and private organisations), business services and networks between entrepreneurs relative to the overall Polish national context.

New firm registrations per 10 000 inhabitants in Malopolskie, 2013-2016

New firm registrations per 10 000 inhabitants in Malopolskie, 2013-2016

The OECD local entrepreneurship ecosystems work examines the main dimensions of local entrepreneurship ecosystems that affect innovative start-ups, scale-ups and innovation in existing enterprises in case study regions. It relates the policy development of local entrepreneurship ecosystems to the principle of regional smart specialisation, and investigates how smart specialisation strategies are helping to strengthen entrepreneurship and innovation in regions.

Full raport: click here

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Małopolska Region is the fourth largest region considering the total number of economic entities classified as creative industries

The main goal of the “Creative industries of Małopolska Region – situation and development conditions” study was to determine the situation, potential and conditions for development of 11 creative industries of Małopolska Region, considering the social and economic growth of the region.

The study covers the following creative industries:

  • Film industry,
  • Music industry,
  • Publishing industry,
  • Media and advertisement,
  • Fashion design,
  • Architecture,
  • Performance arts (theater, opera, dance),
  • Activity of artists and handicraft,
  • Works of art and monuments conservation as well as cultural heritage,
  • Graphic design and industrial design,
  • Video games and software.

The role and significance of creative industries and their professionals for building regional competitive advantage has been one of the main topics of economists’ debates for years. The importance of creative industries for regional development can be observed in all the well-developed economies all over the world. Creative industries in Małopolska Region have also been identified as one of the key elements for regional economic growth stimulation. This study constitutes a synthetic diagnosis of conditions and competitive potential thereof.

Number of people employed in creative industries of Małopolska and the trend curve for each industry

Chart 1. Number of people employed in creative industries of Małopolska and the trend curve for each industry

Report summary:

  • Małopolska Region is the fourth largest region considering the total number of economic entities classified as creative industries (right behind Mazowieckie, Śląskie and Wielkopolskie), however, considering the area concentration level of this type of entities, Małopolskie is second in Poland.
  • Over the period 2010-2016 Małopolska was one of the top voivodeships considering the highest growth dynamics of creative industries entities. Over these seven years their number has increased by 36.0%.
  • The leading industry is video games and software – over the period 2010-2016 the number of companies doubled. Media and advertisement industry have also strengthened its position. The least optimistic is the publishing industry – the number of such companies has been continuously decreasing since 2013.
  • The creative industries in Małopolska Region have been dominated by microenterprises, hiring from 0 to 9 employees. In 2016, the percentage of micro-class entities was equal to 97.1%.
  • The largest concentration of creative industries entities is in Cracow (17,063 entities) and Cracow county (2,148), followed by Tarnów (945) and Wieliczka county (989).

See summary: Download PDF

Building

Most of citizens of cities or districts rated in a positive way the changes in area of culture investments.

The project “Influence of infrastructural projects in the field of culture conducted in Malopolska Region on the socio-economic environment” was undertaken by the Social Research Agency  “Question Mark” at the request of the Marshal’s Office of Malopolska Region. The main objective of the study was to support the voivodeship (regional) self-government in shaping public policies, with particular emphasis on activities related to the development and implementation of regional programs in the areas of culture and cultural heritage.

The research included analysis of the impact made by infrastructural projects on 11 cultural institutions and their socio-economic environmentThe project focused on the following institutions organised by the Marshal’s Office and projects financed from European Union funds.

Influence of infrastructural projects in the field of culture conducted in Malopolska Region on the socio-economic environment - infographics

Influence of infrastructural projects in the field of culture conducted in Malopolska Region on the socio-economic environment – infographics

The results of both the quantitative and qualitative research demonstrate that the investments had, and still have, an impact on citizens’ quality of life. Among 1088 citizens of cities or districts, where the institution is running, 51,9% respondents rated changes made by investment in  a positive way (in the opinion of 0,6% the changes are negative), although almost half of those examined do not see any changes (47,9%).

 

CATI research included interviews with 167 entrepreneurs in total: 49,7% of them were from microenterprises, 12,6% small enterprises, 7,2% medium-sized business, and 30,5% self-employed respondents.  More often than other research participants, entrepreneurs observe the positive impact of investment in the field of culture on the local economy. They see the impact especially in tourism development (36,6%).

See full raport: Download PDF.

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This is the first year in the history of Poland, when the limit of 200 billion euros in exports has been broken, and the annual growth is the highest in the history of modern Poland (from 1989).

The report illustrates the situation related to the development of foreign trade in Poland and the Małopolska Region in 2017 based on data obtained from the Tax Administration Chamber in Warsaw.

In 2017, in Poland, the export value was EUR 202 billion. This is the first year in history when the barrier of EUR 200 billion has been broken, and the annual increase (by over 20 billion) is also the highest in the history of modern Poland (since 1989). Similarly to Poland, in the Małopolska Region there was a significant increase of export amounted to EUR 9.56 billion compared to EUR 8.83 billion in the previous year (increase by 8.2%).

The value of exports and imports in Poland and Małopolska in 2013-2017 (in EUR billion).

Figure 1. The value of exports and imports in Poland and Małopolska in 2013-2017 (in EUR billion).

At the same time, the number of export companies in Małopolska Region increased from 3 569 in 2016 to 3 811 in 2017 (increase by 6.8%).

In 2017, goods and services of almost EUR 200 billion were imported to Poland. This is a significant – over 25 billion – increase in comparison to the previous year. Imports to Małopolska amounted to EUR 9.89 bilion after an increase from 8.88 billion euros in 2016. It gives the Małopolska 6th place among Polish regions.

 

Export value dynamics in Poland and Małopolska in 2013-2017 (%).

Figure 2. Export value dynamics in Poland and Małopolska in 2013-2017 (in %).

The most important export industry in Małopolska Region is the “Industrial processing”, which is responsible for over 80.3% for whole export from the region. Next export industry is “Wholesale and retail trade; repair of motor vehicles, including motorcycles” (in Małopolska it is responsible for 15.2% of whole export from region).

The most important import industries for the region are also: “Industrial processing” and “Wholesale and retail trade; repair of motor vehicles, including motorcycles”, which account for 54.3% and 42.2%. 

 

Export and import values in Poland and Małopolska 2013-2017 (%).

Figure 3. Export and import values in Poland and Małopolska in 2013-2017 (%).

The most important trading partner for Poland and Malopolska Region are Germany. In 2017, the value of goods sent to our western neighbors exceeded EUR 55 billion, which is 27.3% of the total Polish export (increase by 0.1 pp). Other countries that are Poland’s key export partners are: United Kingdom, the Czech Republic, France, Italy and the Netherlands. Each of the 25 most important trading partners in 2017 noted an increase of the value of export from Poland. The highest export increase  (26.3%) noted United States of America.

Poland and Małopolska export their goods mainly to European countries. 79.6% of the total Poland’s export value went to European Union (82.6% for Malopolska Region). Trade exchange with Asia and North America are around 4.3% each (for both Poland and Małopolska).

Imports to Poland are mostly from Germany (over 1/4 of the total value in 2017). An important role is also played by China, Russia, the Netherlands and Italy – from each of these countries goods and services of over EUR 10 billion were imported. All of the 25 countries that are Poland’s most important import partners have recorded increases in the value of goods sent to our country. The highest percentage increases noted Norway (43.2%), Lithuania (32.0%) and Russia (24.5%).

The value of exports from Poland to the 10 most important trading partners in 2016 and 2017 (in billion euros).

Table 1. The value of export (in billion EUR) from Poland to the 10 most important trading partners in 2016 and 2017 (own elaboration basen on data from the Tax Administration Chamber).

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The inflow of foreign direct investment in the Małopolska Region in 2015 – 2016 reached
the level of USD 1 418.9 million and was higher by over USD 200 million in relation to the value in 2015.

The study provides information on the structure of investments and their spatial distribution in the region. The attention was also paid to employment in companies with foreign capital, which is the second important segment measuring the activity of foreign investors. The values of investment and employment in companies with foreign capital for 2015 and 2016 were related to the trends observed in the inflow of direct investments to Małopolska since 1989.

The value of foreign direct investments (FDI) in the Małopolska Region in 2016 reached the level of USD 1 418.9 million and was higher by over USD 200 million in relation to the value in 2015, which were amounted to USD 1 196.1 million. The total value of foreign capital invested in Małopolska in the years 1989-2016 is almost USD 21.9 billion. The investment outlays per 1 inhabitant of the region incurred in the years 1989-2016 are 6.5 thousand USD.

Figure 1. Value (annual and cumulative) of foreign investments (in million USD) in the Małopolskie voivodeship until the end of 2016 with an estimated forecast for 2017

Figure 1. Value (annual and cumulative) of foreign investments (in million USD) in the Małopolska Region until the end of 2016 with an estimated forecast for 2017

In 2015, 87 active investors were identified in the Małopolska region, whose financial outlays amounted to at least USD 1 million. The largest part of financial outlays related to direct foreign investments attracted the industry and construction sector – USD 690 million, ie 57.3%. In 2016 there were already 99 investors whose expenditures amounted to at least USD 1 million USD. The largest investment activity and involvement in new projects and ventures had companies which were operating in the services sector. The funds invested by them accounted for USD 838 million, (59% of the total).

 

Figure 2. The inflow of FDI to the Lesser Poland voivodship by years and sectors of the economy (in million USD)

Figure 2. The inflow of FDI to the Lesser Poland Voivodeship by years and sectors of the economy (in million USD)

The amount of expenditures incurred by foreign investors in Małopolska in 2015 amounted to USD 1 966.1 million. All parts of the world were represented in this group except South America. Out of all investment inflow countries, the largest number of expenditures is borne by investors from Europe in Lesser Poland. Their share in the total amount of FDI in 2015 was as high as 78.9%. In 2016, foreign direct investment increased to USD 1,418.9 million.

As in the entire period of 1989-2016, in 2015 and 2016 the largest investment outlays went to Cracow – respectively over 53% and 75% of the total investment stream in the voivodship.

It is estimated that employment in companies with foreign capital included in the study in 2015 was at the level of 121.2 thousand employees. In 2016, this number increased to 128.5 thousand employees (which gives a 6% increase over the year).

In 2015, European capital (74.9% of all employees in companies with foreign capital) and those from the United States (19.6% from the total) had the greatest importance for the labor market in the Małopolska region. Companies with this capital together employ over 115 thousand employees from the total number of 121.2 thousand of employees.

The most important employers from European countries are companies with French (18.3 thousand), British (17.0 thousand) and German (14.5%) capital. In comparison to the previous year (2015), a significant increase in the number of employees took place in companies with Portuguese capital, mainly in trade.

Directions of FDI inflow to Małopolska in 1989-2016 in USD million

Figure 3. Directions of FDI inflow to Małopolska in 1989-2016 in USD million

 

See full raport in Polish: Download PDF