The main purpose of the study was to attempt a diagnosis of Małopolska enterprises’ interest in and their readiness to take up and implement innovation–oriented actions, as well as to analyse the level of interest in cooperation with research and development institutions and universities regarding innovation and implementation of new technologies.
According to the latest data from the Central Statistical Office from 2014, the average share of innovative enterprises in the general number of companies in the Małopolska region was 13.5%. In the same year, businesses from Małopolska generated 5.6% of national expenditure for innovative activities in enterprises. The percentage of employees hired in the field of research and development, compared to all employees, reached the level of 1.44, which places Małopolska the second in the country.
Innovative activities, most often undertaken by the companies from Małopolska within the last 3 years, include:
introduction of a new product, service or production process or significant improvement of the existing one (26.4%),
introduction of significant changes which are not technical innovations (21.1%),
implementation of a new or significantly modified strategy for the enterprise’s operation (16.4%).
Representatives of Małopolska enterprises declared that within the coming 2 years they plan to implement new products or services (44.7%), apply for the EU financing for development of innovations (40.2%), and to implement new technologies (40.2%).
The study identified especially high demand for free services in the area of seeking funding of research and development works (35.3%). It means that every third company in the region would like to receive free support in obtaining external financial resources for the development of the company. Entities operating in Małopolska are also willing to use free help in establishing contacts with other entities that take care of innovative services and technologies (27.1%) and seeking partners with proper technological infrastructure (24.7%). Every fifth company operating within the region expressed its interest in the free counselling service within the scope of intellectual property protection (20.4%), and support in finding contractors for the studies or providers or other research and development services (18.9%).
Małopolska occupies fifth place in the country with regard to inventive operations, and its scientific and R&D potential allows its promotion by 2 positions. The number of reported inventions and utility models is a reflection of the economy’s innovative nature – 2,336 inventions and 692 utility models were submitted between 2008 and 2014 in Małopolska. It comprises 9.3% of the inventions and 11.6% of utility models submitted in that period in the whole country. These numbers position Małopolska in fifth place with regards to the scope of inventions, after Mazowieckie, Śląskie, Wielkopolskie and Dolnośląskie, and in third place in terms of utility models, after Mazowieckie and Śląskie.
Between 2008 and 2014, the Polish Patent Office issued 1,232 patents for inventions and 437 protection rights for utility models, applied for by units from the Małopolska region. It accounts for 9.4% of all patents and 11.8% of all protection rights for utility models provided in Poland in that period.
Małopolska submitted the highest number of inventions nation-wide within a single sector – “Materials and metallurgy”. Naturally, Krakow remains an absolute leader in terms of the number of submitted inventions and utility models. However, development of satellite centres with a strong position in comparison to the rest of the region is visible: Nowy Sącz and the Nowosądecki poviat, Tarnów and the Tarnowski poviat, Krakowski and Olkuski poviats. Generally speaking, between 2008 and 2013, most poviats faced an increase in the number of reported inventions and utility models, while 2014 was the year of a slight breakdown. This most probably results from the fact that according to the legal provisions, classification of data in the Polish Patent Office can take up to 18 months; thus 2014 could have not been fully classified yet.
More data available on Visualization module – Economy – Inventions and utility models
Patents in Malopolska district in 2008 and 2014
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The report presents the situation of the foreign trade in Poland and Małopolska in 2014. The reports on the overseas trade have been prepared in the Marshal Office of Małopolska Region since 2007.
The presented statistical data on the foreign trade in Poland and Małopolska come from the Customs Chamber in Warsaw. The specific value of the report results from the fact that it contains lists by regions while public statistics includes data only on the country’s level. However, it should be emphasized that data from the Customs Chamber is overestimated, which is why comparing the indicators included in this publication with the Customs Chamber’s calculation is unjustified.
The values of exports and imports have increased compared to 2013. The value of exported goods and services in 2014 amounted to: EUR 7.8 billion from Małopolska, an increase of 3.7% more than in the previous year, EUR 163.4 billion from the whole of Poland, an increase of 6.6%.
The value of goods and services which were imported from abroad amounted to: Małopolska: EUR 8.3 billion, an increase of 3.2% in relation to 2013, the whole of Poland: EUR 165.1 billion, an increase of 6.8%.
In Małopolska, mainly the companies from Cracow engaged in the foreign trade (generating: 35% of regional exports and 52% of imports). Moreover, two other poviats played a significant role in this respect: Wielicki and Krakowski. Other poviats were less active in foreign markets.
From 2011 to 2014 Małopolska Observatory of Economy conducted systematic analyses on foreign exchange. In 2015 the publication was prepared by Małopolska Regional Development Observatory, which continues Observatory of Economy’s activities.
More data available in Visualization module – Economy – Foreign trade
Export from Polisch voivodeships in 2008 and 2014
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